In 1324, Federico II of Aragon, proclaimed that the Jewish community were to live outside the city walls "in distinct places separated from the houses of Christians". The result of the edict is visible today in the present Piazza Umberto Ist, which at that time separated the two communities and gave the small town an unusually wide central space
One of the most important events of the sixteenth century was when, on June 26, 1535, Calascibetta, State City, was pledged by the Emperor Carlo V of Spain to Ludovico Vernagallo for 27,000 florins. The townspeople were angry, collected the sum and offered it to the emperor to redeem their homes. This is the reason that the town was given the title of "URBS VICTORIOSA". The same thing happened again, on the 22nd January 1629, when Ottavio Centurione, Genoese merchant, ‘bought’ the town for 12,000 scudi (ecus). Again the inhabitants of Calascibetta, motivated by love of their town and freedom, bravely collected the sum. For this reason the title of URBS FIDELISSIMA was conferred on the town (Madrid, April 2nd 1668).
The two titles "Urbs Fidelissima et Victoriosa" are still in the inscription between the claws of the eagle on the civic coat of arms.
Dal tempo in cui i Saraceni furono cacciati dalla Sicilia, sino al 1342, Calascibetta ebbe per stemma l’arma del Conte Ruggero, cioè uno scudo diviso in quattro parti.
Si ringrazia per la traduzione Rita Stivale e Margaret Murphy
From the time the Saracens were expelled from Sicily, until 1342, Calascibetta had Count Ruggero’s coat of arms , a shield divided into four parts. After this, the town used the coat of arms conferred by King Peter II of Sicily: a crowned open-winged eagle, with a crowned shield on its.